Dr Timothy Brain QPM OBE was Chief Constable of Gloucestershire from 2001 until his retirement in January 2010. He was national lead on police finances and led several high profile operations, notably Gloucestershire’s response to the extensive flooding of 2007. Now a leading analyst of police affairs he is an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Cardiff University and Visiting Professor at the University of Gloucestershire. He is the author of two major works on policing, A History of Policing in England and Wales from 1974 (2010) and A future for policing (2013), both published by Oxford University Press. He is a frequent broadcaster.